Q: What are the principal kinds of prayer?

We are preparing some of our youth at St. B’s for confirmation and in so doing are working our way through the Catechism: An Outline of the Faith. As I was preparing last week I noticed the question referenced in the title. The Catechism reads as follows,

Q: What are the principal kinds of prayer?

A: The principal kinds of prayer are adoration, praise, thanksgiving, penitence, oblation, intercession, and petition.

Notice something missing? Where is lament? If you are like me your first, generous thought is that it must be included under “intercession” or “petition.” But no, it isn’t in those definitions either.

Q. What are intercession and petition?

A. Intercession brings before God the needs of others; in petition, we present our own needs, that God’s will may be done.

Lament is far more than simply presenting “our own needs.” It is the full and full-throated expression of our pain, suffering, and desire for God’s attention and justice. It is so important to spiritual life that the majority of all Psalms are laments and of course the Book of Lamentations stands as a monument of honesty and anguish.

I have found that all of us, whether (but often especially) teens or retirees, need to be reminded that not only are we allowed to be honest with God, but it is an essential part of our own healing. We must confront and identify our complaint, our pain, address God as at least the witness to our suffering and call God to account, ask for deliverance, all as we declare our faith in God.

It is a sad reality that lament and lamentations are essentially ignored in western Christendom today. In the three-year cycle of the Revised Common Lectionary there is only one Sunday that includes the Book of Lamentations. Too often I have encountered Christians who find that such language seems to be lacking in faith. How dare we talk to God in this way! When I was doing my work on the Book of Lamentations I recall one scholar positing that the biblical poets were, in fact, expressing atheistic views as they complained and railed against God. Lament is quite the opposite! It is a firm and ferocious confession of faith. After all, why complain to a God that you don’t believe exists?

If we need any further convincing, remember Jesus’s last words (Matt. 27:46) are the opening words to Ps. 22. It is worth ending with the entirety of the Psalm.

Have a blessed Lent. 

Psalm 22

1          My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?

Why are you so far from helping me, from the words of my groaning?

2          O my God, I cry by day, but you do not answer;

and by night, but find no rest.

3             Yet you are holy,

enthroned on the praises of Israel.

4          In you our ancestors trusted;

they trusted, and you delivered them.

5          To you they cried, and were saved;

in you they trusted, and were not put to shame.

6             But I am a worm, and not human;

scorned by others, and despised by the people.

7          All who see me mock at me;

they make mouths at me, they shake their heads;

8          “Commit your cause to the LORD; let him deliver—

let him rescue the one in whom he delights!”

9             Yet it was you who took me from the womb;

you kept me safe on my mother’s breast.

10        On you I was cast from my birth,

and since my mother bore me you have been my God.

11        Do not be far from me,

for trouble is near

and there is no one to help.

12           Many bulls encircle me,

strong bulls of Bashan surround me;

13        they open wide their mouths at me,

like a ravening and roaring lion.

14           I am poured out like water,

and all my bones are out of joint;

my heart is like wax;

it is melted within my breast;

15        my mouth is dried up like a potsherd,

and my tongue sticks to my jaws;

you lay me in the dust of death.

16           For dogs are all around me;

a company of evildoers encircles me.

My hands and feet have shriveled;

17        I can count all my bones.

They stare and gloat over me;

18        they divide my clothes among themselves,

and for my clothing they cast lots.

19           But you, O LORD, do not be far away!

O my help, come quickly to my aid!

20        Deliver my soul from the sword,

my life from the power of the dog!

21                    Save me from the mouth of the lion!

From the horns of the wild oxen you have rescued me.

22        I will tell of your name to my brothers and sisters;

in the midst of the congregation I will praise you:

23        You who fear the LORD, praise him!

All you offspring of Jacob, glorify him;

stand in awe of him, all you offspring of Israel!

24        For he did not despise or abhor

the affliction of the afflicted;

he did not hide his face from me,

but heard when I cried to him.

25           From you comes my praise in the great congregation;

my vows I will pay before those who fear him.

26        The poor shall eat and be satisfied;

those who seek him shall praise the LORD.

May your hearts live forever!

27           All the ends of the earth shall remember

and turn to the LORD;

and all the families of the nations

shall worship before him.

28        For dominion belongs to the LORD,

and he rules over the nations.

29           To him, indeed, shall all who sleep in the earth bow down;

before him shall bow all who go down to the dust,

and I shall live for him.

30        Posterity will serve him;

future generations will be told about the Lord,

31        and proclaim his deliverance to a people yet unborn,

saying that he has done it.


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