In the comments of another post a few people asked about the value of Rabbi Kushner’s When Bad Things Happen to Good People. His position can, in many ways, be summed up in his assessment of how we read and respond to Job.
If God is a God of justice and not of power, then He can still be on our side when bad things happen to us. … Our question will not be Job’s question, “God, why are You doing this to me?” but rather “God, see what is happening to me. Can you help me?” We will turn to God, not to be judged or forgiven, not to be rewarded or punished, but to be strengthened and comforted.
I cannot say I agree with everything that might be contained within these statements, but in so far as dealing with the unjust death of innocents and injustice as a whole, I think this is spot on.